الْلَهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدْ وَاَلِ مُحَمَّدْ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ وَالْعَنْ أَعْدَائَهُمْ
1. Wash your face from the forehead, i.e. from the hairline to the chin vertically and that which falls within the expanse of your hand between the thumb and the small finger horizontally.
[Noting that, you should do the washing from the top to the bottom of the face, without the need to soak thick (beard) hair].
2. Wash your arms from the elbow to the finger tips, starting with the right arm. The manner of washing should be from the elbow down to the finger tips..
3. Wipe with your right hand (while it is still wet) the front of your hair, preferably with the palm of the hand, starting from the top to the hairline excluding the forehead.
4. Wipe your feet with your hands from the toes to the ankle. Use your right hand to stroke the right foot and the left hand to stroke the left foot,
while both hands are still wet with the original water of ablution. That is, you are not allowed to use new water.
[It is not allowed to start with your left foot before your right foot].
You must also observe the following when performing your ablution :
1. Ablution must be sequential, i.e. washing of the face should come before that of the arms; your right arm has to be washed before the left one; and wiping the head should be done before that of the feet.
2. The ablution act should be carried out uninterrupted. In an emergency, however, such as running out of water or due to forgetfulness, you should continue the process while the previous parts washed or wiped are still wet.
Otherwise, the ablution shall not be in order. It is worth mentioning, though, that wudhu can be deemed valid even though all the parts of the body, that were washed, become dry as a result of wind, hot weather, or drying up, provided that in the process of ablution uninterrupted washing was observed.”
3. You must do it yourself as long as you are able to do so.
* What about if I become unable to perform ablution myself?
- Someone else can do ablution for you. It could be done by aiding you to do it. That is, by lifting your hand and washing your face with it; then washing both your arms in the same way; and finally, do the wiping of the head and the feet, using your own hands ”
4. There must not be any barrier masking the body skin from ablution water, such as paint, glue, or nail polish”
5. There must be a reason that could make using water detrimental to one’s health. In such a case, you should perform tayamum instead of ablution.
* If I performed ablution for an earlier prayer, can I still say another one later with the same ablution?
- You do not need to renew your ablution, unless your ablution was invalidated.
* How and when would a ablution be invalidated?
- Things that invalidate ablution are seven: Urination, passing stool, breaking wind, sleep, anything that render the faculty of reasoning idle, such as passing out and drunkenness, medium and minor istihadha and janabah.