HADITH

TURKISH

12 Imam Aleyhimusselam
Hazreti Fatima Selamullahi Aleyha
Imam Mahdi Aleyhisselam
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Hadith
Karbala
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Question-Answer

الْلَهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدْ وَاَلِ مُحَمَّدْ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ وَالْعَنْ أَعْدَائَهُم

1. At `Arafat

....Jabir ibn `Abd Allah said: "I saw the Messenger of Allah - upon whom be God's peace and benedictions - in the course of his hajj pilgrimage on the day of `Arafah. The Prophet Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem was seated on his camel, al­Qaswa', and was delivering a sermon. I heard him say: 'O people, I am leaving among you that which if you hold on to you shall never go astray: the Book of Allah and my kindred, my household."

Al­Tirmidhi states that the same tradition has been narrated by Abu Dharr, Abu Sa`id, Zayd ibn Arqam and Hudhayfah ibn Usayd.

Among others who have recorded this tradition are:

1.al­Hafiz Ibn Abi Shaybah, as in Kanz al­`ummal (1st ed.), i, 48;

2.al­`Uqayli in al­Du`afa' al­Kabir, ii, 250;

3.al­Hakim al­Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-'usul, 68, 50th asl;

4.al­Tabarani, al­Mu`jam al­kabir, iii, 63, no. 2679;

5.al­Khatib, al­Muttafiq wa al­muftariq, cf. Kanz al­`ummal, i, 48 and Majma' al­zawa'id, v, 195; ix, 163, x, 363, 268;

6.al­Baghawi, al-Masabih, ii, 206;

7.Ibn al­'Athir, Jami` al­'usul, i, 277, no. 65;

8.al-Rafi`i, al­Tadwin, ii, 264 (in the biographical account of Ahmad ibn Mihran al­Qattan; this hadith has been deleted in the Indian print, but is present in the manuscripts of the book ! );

9.al­Mizzi, Tahdhib al­kamal, x, 51, and Tuhfat al­'ashraf, ii, 278, no. 2615;

10.al­Qadi al­Baydawi, Tuhfat al­'ashraf;

11.al­Khwarazmi, Maqtal al­Husayn (A), i, 144;

12.al­Khatib al­Tabrizi, Mishkat al­masabih, iii, 258;

13.Ibn Kathir, Tafsir (Bulaq edition, on the margin of Fath al­bayan), ix, 115;

14.al-Zarandi, Nazm al­durar al­simtayn, 232;

15.al­Maqrizi, Ma`rifat ma yajib li Al al­Bayt al­Nabawi, 38.

2. At Ghadir Khumm:

Al­Nasa'i narrates from Muhammad ibn al­Muthanna, he from Yahya ibn Hammad, from Abu 'Uwwanah, from Sulayman, from Habib ibn Abi Thabit, from Abu al­Tufayl, from Zayd ibn Arqam, who said, "When the Messenger of Allah (A) returned from the last hajj and came down at Ghadir Khumm....

"Then he declared: 'I am about to answer the call (of death). Verily, I have left two precious things (thaqalayn) among you, one of which is greater than the other: the Book of God and my `Itrah, my Ahl al­Bayt. So watch out how you treat them after me. For, indeed, they will never separate until they return to me by the side of the Pond.' Then he said, 'Verily, God is my master (mawlaya) and I am the wali of every believer.' Then he took `Ali's hand and declared, 'To whomever I am his wali, this one is also his wali. My God, befriend whoever befriends him and be hostile to whoever is hostile to him.'" Abu al­Tufayl says: "I said to Zayd, 'Did you hear it from the Prophet(S)?' He replied, 'There was no one in the caravan who did not see it with his eyes and hear it with his ears,'"

Khasa'is `Ali is part of al­Nasa'i's al­Sunan al­kubra as shown by the 3rd volume of the MS in the king's collection in Morocco, written in 759/1358 folios 81-117. See also in this regard the introduction of al­Khasa'is (Kuwait: Maktabat al­Mu`alla, 1406), ed. by Ahmad Mirayn Balushi. The editor states that this tradition is sahih and its transmitters are thiqah.

Among others who have recorded it in their books are:

1.Al-Bukhari, al­Ta'rikh al­kabir, iii, 96;

2.Muslim, Sahih, bab fada'il `Ali, no. 2408;

3.Ahmad, Musnad, iii, 17, iv, 366;

4.`Abd ibn Humayd, Musnad, no. 265;

5.Ibn Sa`d, and

6.Abu Ya`la from Abu Sa`id, as mentioned in Jam` al­jawami` and Kanz al­`ummal;

7.Ishaq ibn Rahwayh, in his Sahih., as mentioned by Ibn Hajar in al­Matalib al­`aliyah, iv, 65, no. 1873, where he states that its isnad is sahih, and also by al-Busayri in Ithaf al­sadah (MS in Topcopi Library, vol. 3, F.55b) who, too, considers the isnad as sahih;

8.Ibn Khuzaymah, Sahih, MS in Topcopi Library, F.240;

9.al­Darimi, Sunan, ii, 310, no. 2319;

10.Abu Dawud, Sunan, as mentioned in Sibt ibn al­Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al­'ummah, 322;

11.Abu 'Uwwanah, Musnad, as mentioned in al­Shaykhani, al­Sirat al­sawi;

12.al­Bazzaz, from Umm Hani, as mentioned in Wasilat al­ma'al;

13.Ibn Abi 'Asim, Kitab al­Sunnah, 629, no. 1551, 630, no. 1555, 629, no. 1551;

14.al­Ya`qubi, Ta'rikh, ii, 112;

15.al­Baladhuri, Ansab al­'ashraf, 110, no. 48, the biographical account of `Ali (A);

16.al­Hafiz al­Hasan ibn Sufyan al­Nasawi, the author of Musnad, from Hudhayfah ibn Usayd, as mentioned by Abu Nu`aym, al­Hilyah, i, 355,

17.al­Fasawi, al­Ma`rifah wa al­ta'rikh, i, 536;

18.Ibn Jarir al­Tabari, from Hudhayfah ibn Usayd, Zayd ibn Arqam (with al­Nasa'i's wording as well as with the wording of Muslim), Abu Sa`id al­Khudri, as cited in Jam` al­jawami`, ii, 357, 395, Kanz al-`ummal, 12911, xiii, 36441, 36340, 37620, 37621, 36341, Jami` al-'ahadith, vii, 14523, 15112, 15122, 15113, iv, 7773, 8072, 8073;

19.al­Dulabi, al­Dhurriyyat al­tahirah, no. 228;

20.al­Hafiz al­Tahawi, Mushkil al 'athar, ii, 307, iv, 368;

21.al­Hakim al­Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-'usul, from Hudhayfah ibn Usayd;

22.al­Tabarani, al­Mu`jam al­kabir, iii, 2679, 2681, 2683, 3052, v, 4969, 4970, 4971, 4986, 5026, 5028;

23.al­Hakim, al­Mustadrak `ala al­Sahihayn, iii, 109, 110 where he expressly states, as mentioned above, that the tradition is sahih in accordance with the criteria of al­Bukhari and Muslim; al­Dhahabi has confirmed his judgement;

24.Abu Nu`aym, Hilyat al­'awliya', i, 355, ix, 64;

25.al­Bayhaqi, al­Sunan al­kubra, ii, 148, vii, 30, x, 114;

26.al­Khatib, Ta'rikh Baghdad, viii, 442;

27.Ibn al­Maghazili, Manaqib Amir al­Mu'minin (A), 23;

28.Ibn `Asakir, Ta'rikh Dimashq, ii, 45, no. 547, the biographical account of `Ali (A), and v, 436 of Badran's edition in the biographical account of Zayd ibn Arqam;

29.al­Baghawi, Masabih al­Sunnah, ii, 205 and Sharh al­Sunnah (MS in Topcopi Libary, vol. 2, F. 718), bab Manaqib Ahl al­Bayt;

30.Ibn al­'Athir, Usd al­ghabah, iii, 92 in the biographical account of 'Amir ibn Layla, no. 2727;

31.Ibn Hajar, al­'Isabah in the biographical account of 'Amir;

32.al-Mizzi, Tuhafat al­'ashraf, iii, 203, no. 3688 from Muslim and al­Nasa'i;

33.al­Diya' al­Muqaddisi, al­Mukhtarah, as cited by al­Samhudi and al­Sakhawi;

34.Ibn Taymiyyah, Minhaj al­Sunnah, iv, 85;

35.al-Dhahabi, Talkhis al­Mustadrak, iii, 109;

36.Ibn Kathir, al­Bidayah wa al­nihayah, v, 209, vi, 199, from al­Nasa'i, where he quotes al­Nasa'i's statement that this narration is sahih;

37.al­Khazin, Tafsir under verses 42:23 and 3:103;

38.al­Mulla, Wasilat al­muta`abbidin, v, 199;

39.al-Haythami, Majma` al­zawa'id, ix, 163 from Zayd, 164 from Hudhayfah.

3. In the Mosque of Madinah:

...It is narrated that he (i.e. the Prophet) - upon whom be peace - said in the last sermon that he delivered during his illness: "O people, I leave behind two precious things (thaqalayn) amongst you...: the Book of God - which is a rope between Him and you, whose one end is in His hand and whose other end is in your hands ­ so act according to its muhkamat and believe in its mutashabihat; consider as lawful that which it regards as lawful and consider as forbidden that which it regards as unlawful - and my `Itrah and my Ahl al­Bayt, who are the second thaql. So don't outstrip them (fa la tasbiquhum ), for then you shall perish."

Unfortunately in the printed versions of it fa la tasbiquhum has been altered as fa la tasbi`uhum (a meaningless expression). This tradition has also been narrated by:

1.Abu Hayyan in his tafsir, al­Bahr al­muhit, i, 12 (with identical wording, except that in a published version of it there is fa la tasubbuhum, i.e. so don't curse them, instead of fa la tasbiquhum);

2.Ibn Hajar, al­Sawa`iq al­muhriqah, 75, 136;

3.Yahya ibn al­Hasan, Akhbar al­Madinah with his isnad from Jabir, as cited in Yanabi` al­mawaddah, 40.

4. In the Prophet's Chamber During His Last Illness:

The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem said during his last illness: "Soon I am going to pass away and I have extended to you my plea of excuse. Lo, verily I leave behind amongst you two precious things: the Book of Allah , the Almighty and the Glorious, and my kindred (`Itrah)." Then he took `Ali's hand and raised it, saying, "This `Ali is with the Qur'an and the Qur'an is with `Ali. The two will not separate until they return to me by the Pond. Then I will ask the two as to how they were treated after me." Among the narrators of this tradition are:

1.al­Bazzaz, Musnad, as mentioned in Kashf al­'astar, iii, 221, no. 2612;

2.Muhammad ibn Ja`far al­Razzaz, from Umm Salamah (where she is explicit that the Prophet [S] made this pronouncement in his chamber which was filled by the Companions), as cited in Wasilat al­ma'al;

3.Al­'Azhari, Tahdhib al­lughah, ix, 78;

4.al­Khatib al­Khwarazmi, Maqtal al­Husayn (A), i, 164, from Ibn `Abbas;

5.Ibn Hajar, al­Sawa`iq al­muhriqah, 89, from Umm Salamah.

The Hadith al-Thaqalayn is also confirmed by some verses of the Holy Qur'an such as:

Say: 'I do not ask of you a wage for this, except love for the kinsfolk.' (42:23)

And halt them, to be questioned. (37:24)

The following statement of the Prophet Sallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem which signifies the perpetuity of the Imamate:

O God, You don't let the earth remain devoid of Your Proof over Your creation so that Your proofs should not become invalid or that Your friends should go astray after You have guided them. They (the Proofs of God) are few in number but great in worth near God, Almighty and Glorious. Indeed, I had prayed to God, Exalted and Blessed, to place knowledge and wisdom in my descent and the descent of my descendants, and in my seed and the seed of my seed, until the Day of Resurrection, and my prayer was granted.

By Imam Ali Aleyhisselam to his pupil Kumayl ibn Ziyad:

...But the earth is never devoid of him who stands for God with a proof (qa'im li'Ilah bi hujjatin). He is either manifest and well-known or afraid and concealed, so that God's proofs and His clear signs should not become invalid. How many are they and where are they? By God, they are few in number, but great in esteem before God. Through them God maintains His proofs and signs till they entrust them to others like themselves and plant them in the hearts of their likes. Knowledge has led them to the reality of understanding and they have attained the spirit of certitude. That which is hard upon the seekers of comforts comes easy to them. They endear what the ignorant regard with aversion. They live in the world with their bodies, but their spirits are in a higher realm. They are the vicegerents (khulafa') of God in His earth and His callers to His Din. Oh, how much I yearn to see them! (H: 147)

the Prophet assured his community by stating:

The world will not come to an end until a man from the descendants of Husayn takes charge of the affairs of the world and fills it with justice and equity as it is filled with injustice and tyranny

The Prophet Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem declare:

The Imams after me will be equal to the number of the tribal chiefs among the Children of Israel. Nine among them will be the descendants of Husayn. The Mahdi of this community is among us. Beware! Truth is with them and they are with truth. Thus be careful of the way you treat them after me. [ We heard from the Prophet saying: "The Imams after me will be twelve in number, of whom nine will be from the progeny of Husayn. Moreover, the Mahdi of this community will be among us. Anyone who holds on to them after me holds on to the rope of God; and whoever abandons them has abandoned God."

Hussein bin Ali Aleyhisselam said:

Twelve Imams will be from among us. The first among them will be 'Ali b. Abi Talib and the last will be my ninth descendant, the rightful Qa'im. Because of his blessed existence God will bring back the dead earth to life and prosperity. God will give victory to His religion over all other religions, even if this be against the liking of the disbelievers. The Mahdi will disappear from public for a while. During his occultation a number of people will abandon religion, whereas others will remain steadfast and will suffer because of their faith. This latter group will be asked tauntingly: "If your belief is true, when would your promised Imam rise?" But, remember that whoever perseveres under those unfavorable circumstances when enemies would falsify and harm them, their status will be like those who fought by the side of the Prophet in defending the religion of God.[

Imam Sadiq Aleyhisselam said:

The unintelligent is fit for nothing and the unknowledgeable is unintelligent. He who understands will be excellent and he who is clement will be triumphant. Knowledge is protection, honesty is glory, ignorance is humility, understanding is honor, openhandedness is success, and good mannerism achieves affection. The knowing of the manners of his time will not be attacked by the mysteries. Judiciousness is the lantern of doubt. Allah is the custodian of him who knows His and the enemy of him who ignores Him. The intelligent should be forgiver and the ignorant is treacherous.

Amirul Muminin Aleyhisselam used to say:

"Life is worthless for everyone except two men: A man whose acts of charity are day by day increasable and a man who corrects his death by means of repentance." If you can keep yourself indoors, do it. When you go out (of your house), you should avoid backbiting, telling untruths, envying, showing off, flattering, and sweet-talking.

Imam Sadiq Aleyhisselam said :

Many are those whom are tempted by receiving graces of Allah, many are those whom are trapped by the concealment of their flaws, and many are those whom are cheated by wording of praise.

14 Infallibles Aleyhimusselam are the One and the Only Light :

Mohammed Mustafa Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem ..... Imam Ali Murtaza Aleyhisselam ..... Hazreti Fatima-i Zehra Selamullahi Aleyha ..... Imam Hasan al-Mucteba Aleyhisselam

Imam Hussein Seyyidi Suheda Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Aliyen Zeynel Abidin Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Muhammed Bakir Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Cafer Sadiq Aleyhisselam

Imam Musa Kazim Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Ali Riza Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Muhammed Taki Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Ali Naki Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Hasan Askeri Aleyhisselam

Imam Mahdi Aleyhisselam.