PRAYER : Ritual of Worship

TURKISH

12 Imam Aleyhimusselam
Hazreti Fatima Selamullahi Aleyha
Imam Mahdi Aleyhisselam
Ric'at
Hadith
Karbala
Prayer
Ablution
Bible
Question-Answer

الْلَهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدْ وَاَلِ مُحَمَّدْ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ وَالْعَنْ أَعْدَائَهُم

Salat or Muslim's prayer is an essential part of muslims' worshiping. Prophet Mohammad Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem said that the Salat is the pillar of our religion. So it is important for every muslim to know how to pray. This page is created to help those muslims, new-muslims, non-mulims, and youth to learn the basics of how to prayer. Hope to be helpful.

The first thing to know about prayer is that it's very simple and there are many exeptions for those who have difficulties; however, while performing prayer full concentration and attention is required.

There are five required daily prayers for every muslim. Each prayer consist of several Rakats (parts) depending to the time it is performed for. The Dawn 2 Rakat (fajr), Noon 4 rakat (duhr), Afternoon 4 rakat (asr), Sunset 3 rakat (magreb), and Night 4 rakat (esha) prayers. Total of 17 rakats a day to the direction of Ka'ba (North-east in north america). It seems too much and too long but when you learn how to do it and undrestand why you do it, it is going to be very enjoyable.
The time for Fajr prayer is from dawn to time of sunrise. The time for Duhr and Asr prayer is from noon to sunset, and the time for Magreb and Esha prayer is from sunset to midnight.

Ezan

ALLAH-U EKBER (4 times)

EsHEDU EN LA ILAHE ILLELLAH (2 times)

EsHEDU ENNE MOHAMMEDEN RESULULLAH (2 times)

EsHEDU ENNE ALIYYEN WELIYYULLAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE- SALAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE-L FELAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE HAYR-IL EMEL (2 times)

ALLAH-U EKBER (2 times)

LA ILAHE ILLELLAH (2 times)

Ikame

ALLAH-U EKBER (2 times)

EsHEDU EN LA ILAHE ILLELLAH (2 times)

EsHEDU ENNE MUHAMMEDEN RESULULLAH (2 times)

EsHEDU ENNE ALIYYEN WELIYYULLAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE- SALAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE-L FELAH (2 times)

HAYYE ALE HAYR-IL EMEL (2 times)

GAD GAMET - IS SALAH (2 times)

ALLAH-U EKBER (2 times)

LA ILAHE ILLELLAH (1 times)

How to Pray

It is impossible to explain how to pray in short article like this and it is a big responsiblilty to teach people something this important. However, the greater responsibility is to introduce the basic and leave the research for the reader. Before praying you have to have an ablution, be sure you are pure and clean, and your dress is appropriate(research more about this part). Ladies should have a scarf and dress like where only their face, hands (to the wrist, not arms) and their feet (to their ankle) is shown, and male are required to cover their body appropriatly as well.

Neiat and Ghera'at

Neiat or intention is the most important part of the prayer. By this you say that why you are standing for prayer, which prayer, how many rakats. You can say it loud or in your mind.

 For example: I will pray the salat al-Fajr, two ra'akat, gurbatan ela-laah, (to get closer to Allah).

It doesn't matter what language you say it, as long as you have the intention. This is the way you should stand and put your hands during this stage: (see FIG 1.)

 Then you do your Takbiratul-Ehram (saying Allah Akbar)and drop your hands, from ears to your laps. Now you entered prayer officially and from this point till salam you can't talk, eat, or move out of prayer's form. Start your prayer by reading Al-Hamd and the verse (FIG 2). You have to say everything in arabic and learning it is very easy just need practice. In this part you would read two verses, Reading the verse Fatiha is necessary but chossing the verse is up to you, people read the verse of Ihlas mostly.

Al-Hamd :

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

- Elhamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alemin

- Errahmanirrahim

- Maliki Yewmiddin

- Iyyake ne'budu we iyyake nestain

- Ihdinas Sirat-el Mustekim

- Sitatellezine en'emte aleyhim gayril magdubi aleyhim welezzallin.

Ihlas :

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

Kul Huvallahu ehed. Allahus samed. Lem Yelid ve Lem Yuled. Ve Lem Yekun lehu Kufuwen Ehed.

Ruku'e

After you read the al-Hamd and Ihlas you bend by placing your hands on your knees and looking between your legs, this is called Ruku'e. FIG 3.

SUBHANALLAH 3 times.

Qunut

Qunut is the part you raise your hand and say it in any language or just say a short grace in arabic. Qunut is performed after the al-Hamd and Ihlas recitation of the second rakat and it is not required (vajeb) but is Mustahab (recommended). The way to do this part is explained in FIG 4.

You can read The Verse Bakara 201 : "RABBENA ATINA FIDDUNYA HASENETEN WE FIL AHIRET-I HASENETEN WE KINA AZABEN-NAR"

Sajda (Prostrated)

SUBHANALLAH 3 Times.

After Ruku'e you stand straight like you started and then go to Sajda. In this part you prostrate to Allah Subhanallahu Teala. That means you place seven part of your body touching the ground and say a the similar to the one in Ruku'e, your forehead, palms, knees, and your toes. Your forhead should be on a wooden or stone made object. That is one Sajda, like in FIG 5, you sit like your in Tashahood, and do another one after that.

Tashahud

ESHEDU EN LA ILAHE ILLALLAH WEHDEHU LA SHERIKE LEH WE ESHEDU ENNE MOHAMMEDEN ABDUHU VE RASULUH.

ALLAHUMME SALLI ALA MOHAMMEDEN WE ALI MOHAHMMED.

  I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is one and no one is like him, And I bear witness that Mohammad is his conformer (Ab'd) and his messanger, O'Allah send greetings to Mohammad and the Family of Mohammad.

After performing your second sajda on the second rakat of every prayer and the last rakat of the particular prayer your performing, you perform Tashahud. In this part you would sit in a way that your left foot is on your right and your palms are on your thighs. And you read Tashahood in arabic (see FIG 6). This part is to be performed on every two Rakats and before you finish salat. Example if you are doing the Dohr, Asr, and Esha prayers which are four Rakats you do Tashahood in the end of second Rakat and at the end of fourth Rakat before saying the Salam. And if you praying the Maghreb prayer which is three Rakat's you do Tashahood at the end of second Rakat and the third Rakat before finishing the prayer.

Salam

ESSELAMU ALEYKE EYYUHENNEBIYYI WE RAHMETULLAHI WE BERAKATUH.

ESSELAMU ALEYNA WE ALA IBADILLAHIS SALIHIN.

ESSELAMU ALEYKUM VE RAHMETULLAHI VE BEREKATUH.

 Greetings to us and to the faithful (Saleheen) conformers' of Allah, Greetings and Mercy of Allah be onto you.

This is the end part of salat and by reciting this part you officially end your prayer. You would read it at the end of the last Rakat (after the second sajda) and you finish your prayer. After reading it you would raise your palms from your thigh and say Allah'u Akbar and put your hands back on the thighs for three times (see fig 7). You read it in Arabic and pronunciaion is here.

Tasbeehat' al-Arba'a

SUBHANALLAH, WAL-HAMDULE'LAHI WA LA ELAHA ILLELLAHU WELLAHU AKBAR.

This part is for 4 Rakat and 3 Rakat prayer. During the 2 Rakat Prayer in the first and second rakat you read the verse Fatiha and Ihlas and finish your prayer. But if your prayer is 4 or 3 rakat before Salam you go up for 3. and 4. Rakat and read that Tasbeehat'al Arba'a.

Which means clean and pure is Allah, and thanks to Allah, and no god but Allah, and Allah is great. There is four parts to it and that is why it is called Tasbeehat al-Arba'a. You can say this thekr only once or three times.

After Finishing The Prayer :

Pray the following which is known as "Hazreti Fatima Selamullahi Aleyha Tesbihatı".

34 times ELEAH-U EKBER.

33 times ELHAMDULILLAH.

33 times SUBHANELLAH.

For prayer you must use stone, earth or something from earth as it is shown below. You should not make the sajda to the carpet.

Aksam means magreb or sunset which is the 4th Prayer of the day. You should add 13 minutes for aksam prayer in Turkey.

For the Down Prayer which is the first prayer of the day you should add 27 minutes to Imsak in Turkey.

Gunes means sun. And that is the time of sunrise so you should finish your first prayer before that time.

(FIG 1)

(FIG 2)

(FIG 3)

(FIG 4)

(FIG 5)

(FIG 6)

(FIG 7)

Prayer is the believer's ascension.

The one who is not prayer, he would face fifteen trouble.

Six of them come during his lifetime :

1-Property goes 2-Life goes 3-His charity would not accepted 4-Light goes from his face 5- His prayer would not accepted 6-The prayers of others about him, would not be accepted.

Three of them come at death moment : 7-Dies hungry 8-Dies thirsty 9-Dies upsetting.

Three of them come at the grave of realm : 10-Nekir-Munker act very hard 11-Remains in punishment 12-His grave stay in the dark until doomsday.

Three of them come at doomsday : 13-He comes out of the grave in the form of animals 14-query sprinklers would be difficult 15-thrown to hell.

The first query will be prayer during Judgment Day.

Prayer is a fortress against Satan's attacks.

The prayer would not remove his head from sajda (prostrated) if he knew that how was covered by a mercy.

The one who pray without action, he is like bow which has not got arrow.

During prayer hands should be hanging down. It should not be tied in front as it is shown below.

The History of Puting Hands in Front.

14 Infallibles Aleyhimusselam are the One and the Only Light :

Mohammed Mustafa Sallallahu Aleyhi ve Alihi ve Sellem ..... Imam Ali Murtaza Aleyhisselam ..... Hazreti Fatima-i Zehra Selamullahi Aleyha ..... Imam Hasan al-Mucteba Aleyhisselam

Imam Hussein Seyyidi Suheda Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Aliyen Zeynel Abidin Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Muhammed Bakir Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Cafer Sadiq Aleyhisselam

Imam Musa Kazim Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Ali Riza Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Muhammed Taki Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Ali Naki Aleyhisselam ..... Imam Hasan Askeri Aleyhisselam

Imam Mahdi Aleyhisselam.